Jinan City, capital of Shang dong, is situated in the midwest of the Province, adjacent to Mt. Taishan in the south that ranks first among the five famous religious mountains and to the Yellow River in the north, cradle of Chinese civilization. It is the birthplace of Longshan Culture, the world-famous prehistoric culture. As far as the city is concerned, it has existed for several thousand years. It is a city famous for its history and culture in China, and has beautiful scenery. There are a lot of cool sweet springs of which Baotu Spring, Heihu Spring, Wulong Pond, and Zhenzhu Spring are the most famous. Since ancient times, it has been famous for ''the spring water in every household", " the poplar in front of every house", " 72 famous springs" , and "spring city" . The spring and the famous mountain form the unique scenery of Jinan: "a city with beautiful mountain scenes and half of it covered with lakes". The Daming Lake, Mt Qianfo, and Baotu Spring are regarded as three famous attractions of Jinan.